Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Oxford must fall

Sunday, September 30th, 2018

The long-awaited book Rhodes must Fall, by the Rhodes Must Fall Group at Oxford has been published by Zed books, and is distributed by the University of Chicago press.
Cover image Rhodes Must Fall

It carries my censored article “To decolonise math stand up to its false history and bad philosophy” together with a supportive essay by Kevin Minors a black Bermudan doctoral student.

Recall that my article was censored by the South Africa editor of the Conversation on the false ground that it did not meet their editorial standards (though I intensively interacted with an editor for a week before publication).  Basically, the editor succumbed to the furious response of the whites, to my article. The Conversation had earlier published the foolish (and obnoxious) claim that mathematics is essentially the work of dead white males, so blacks and women should be taught to think like them. In response, I pointed out that black Egyptians knew fractions 3000 years before Greeks, Romans, or Europeans learnt about elementary fractions.

The Conversation did not mind publishing that obnoxious falsehood, but the editor had no place for any truth that was anti-West. So, she objected to my referring to my own published work. Why? What on earth is wrong with that? Why should one not refer to one’s own published work? Obviously the unstated but racist ground was her belief that what a brown man says is not reliable, therefore, she will not permit him to say anything original, even if it has been peer reviewed and published earlier. He is allowed only to repeat and quote what some white man says. (This is also the Wikipedia policy: a white man, or an article approved by white men, is the only reliable source.)

Though my censored article was initially widely reproduced, sadly it was taken down by most publications around the globe. Only one Indian newspaper, the Wire, recognized the problem of racist censorship and put it back. Another international publication retained it under the title “Was Euclid a black woman?”. This is described in my article on Mathematics and Censorship, and the censored article was published in full as part of an article in a peer-reviewed journal: Journal of Black Studies. Clearly the editor of the Conversation was using utter lies to defend racist decisions.

The important thing to emphasize now is that #OxfordMustFall.

Thus, consider what happened in the panel discussion at the University of Cape Town a year ago.

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Israel denies visa for talk on decolonisation exposing Einstein

Saturday, August 4th, 2018

The Palestine Technical University, Kadourie, Palestine, is organizing the Sixth Palestinian Conference on Modern Trends in Mathematics and Physics PCMTMP-VI, 5th-8th August 2018.

I was invited to give two plenary talks (scheduled on 7th and 8th Aug) on
Decolonising mathematics: how and why it makes science better (and enables students to solve harder problems)

An extended summary and abstract of my proposed talk are posted online.

The Israeli embassy has, however, refused me a visa. No official reason or explanation was offered for the denial of visa. When I asked, an official from the Israeli embassy did very rudely warn me not to apply ever again for an Israeli visa.

Now five years ago, I visited Palestine (See blog post “Mathematics in refugee camps”, and a nice video on History and Philosophy of science). Of course, I did have a terrible experience with the Israelis: they charged me some USD 200 for a taxi for 8.5 km, then put me on a share taxi and promised to give the receipt after I crossed the border! Never encountered such terrible cheats anywhere else in the world. But last time the Israeli embassy in India had issued me a visa.

So, I am left wondering what has changed. Three things have changed. 1. Decolonisation, 2. Einstein, and 3. Indo-Israeli relationship
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Alternative math: media reports

Thursday, July 5th, 2018

Here are the media reports for the Rajju Ganit workshop from Dainik Bhaskar, Nai Duniya, Talk show by Global Herald, and Free Press Journal

Global Herald talk show प्रसिद्ध गणितज्ञ सीके राजू से खास चर्चा

Global Herald talk show

Dainik Bhaskar

Dainik Bhaskar Indore 26 June 2018

Nai Duniya26 June 2018

Nai Duniya Indore 26 June 2018

Global Herald e-paper 30 June 2018

Global Heral news

Free Press journal

Free Press journal, Indore, 27 June 2018

Rajju Ganit workshop from today

Monday, June 25th, 2018

We have never re-examined our math education since independence to eliminate the trash myths and bad philosophy brought in by colonial education. Since people don’t understand the problems at the level of the calculus, this workshop takes up issues at the school level. For links, download the pdf of the poster.

Rajju Ganit poster p 1
Rajju Ganit poster p 2

The racist (and church) strategy: censor and defame, do NOT debate

Saturday, June 23rd, 2018

Racists are stupid nitwits. The whole business of racism is based on a stupid lie that people with a certain colour of the skin are superior. I thought everyone understood the stupidity of racists.

Therefore, at a recent meeting in India, I was surprised when a couple of young people used the polemic of “conspiracy theory”. This was the polemic used by the racist press in Cape Town which attacked me in the manner of a racist lynch mob. Of course, the press report did not and could not specify what conspiracy theory I was accused of. Nor even did it name any stupid racist as the actual source of that polemic, since it was indefensible.

Obviously, anyone who believes that polemic of “conspiracy theorist” without the slightest evidence is even stupider then the racists themselves. It is one thing that young people mindlessly believe Wikipedia. It is another that they believe what is so obviously trash racist propaganda. It is this sort of gullibility which led to the persistence of racism for centuries.

The simple fact is that the racist academics in UCT were frightened by my challenge to them to openly debate the decolonisation mathematics and science. They ran away from open debate, which would have exposed their inadequacies. It was to justify running away from debate that they planted that racist press report. Obviously in a press report they were free to state any kind of falsehood and stupidity, without fear of contradiction. They hoped (perhaps correctly) that there would be enough gullible people to believe them. Running away from debate was the same church strategy of censoring heretics used by the editor of Conversation who censored my article on decolonising mathematics. Defame, do not debate, is their strategy, just because they know they would lose an open debate. Nobody could point to a single error in my censored article. Nobody could even claim my Euclid prize in so many years. And formal math is based on that silly church myth so they cannot junk it.

The real reason for the great fright in UCT was my challenge to GFR Ellis, of the UCT math department. He co-authored Stephen Hawking’s serious book, and got the Templeton award for putting together science and religion. In my UCT lectures, I objected strongly to the claim that general relativity (and particularly Hawking’s singularity theory) proves the truth of Judaeo-Christian theology and its notion of creation. I argued that the work of Hawking and Ellis is an example of thoroughly bad science which can be decolonised. I explained (as in my book Eleven Pictures of Time) that such bad science is the result of church metaphysics in formal math. Eliminating that metaphysics would decolonise mathematics and science.

Obviously, not only racists but also the church was afraid that an open debate on this issue would expose the trick of using science to support church theology. This is a trick which few people understand, since few people (perhaps 4 or 5 in the whole world) understand singularity theory.

Ellis shamelessly operated through his pliable student Murugan, to plant more lies against me. The hope was that using an Indian-sounding front would confuse people. My point was that my five day course on calculus makes math easy and hence enables students to solve harder problems such as elliptic integrals not covered in usual calculus courses. Murugan brazenly lied that teaching elliptic integrals is Bantuization. Obviously he would have been laughed out of existence had he tried to use that lie in an open recorded debate. Obviously also, as Fanon emphasized, there is no shortage of nonwhites who wear white masks and effectively turn into racist boot-lickers. Murugan does not care if blacks in South Africa do not get quality education in math, and works to ensure that they remain forever subordinate to Western authority.

As an easy example of bad math, in my speech at UCT I said invisible geometric points are as unreal and foolish as the emperor’s new clothes. The racist reporter thought he could deal with that. He justified the use of invisible points by (1) foolishly confounding invisible with infinitesimal (I reject invisible, but advocate “infinitesimals” ) and (2) claiming that mathematicians “routinely” handed the invisible. (Of course, the reporter could not explain the magic used by mathematicians to deal with invisible points, or how ordinary persons could measure the distance between two invisible points; as I said racists are stupid and will tell any lie and believe anything, so long as it serves their interest.) Conflating invisible with infinitesimal was particularly foolish because current university calculus uses “real” numbers which have no infinitesimals. But the mathematical authority he relied on was too ignorant, and of course I was not allowed to respond: the whole point was to suppress debate.

Hunting for invisible points

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Stephen Hawking: Genius or crook?

Thursday, April 5th, 2018

Faustian pact?

Millions of people across the world have heard of Stephen Hawking, whose recent death hence made headlines.   Everyone speaks of his ALS. But is it proof of his indomitable will? Or did he hence make a Faustian pact with the devil incarnate: the church? Daring to raise this question will doubtless arouse the rage of his admirers. But if we weigh it against the possibility that millions have been deluded using their trust in science, it is our public and ethical duty to raise the question. To answer the question Hawking’s disease is irrelevant, and we need to examine the merits of Hawking’s scientific work dispassionately.

Widespread ignorance

But it is near impossible to do so. While millions revere him, very few understand the mathematical intricacies about calculus related to his work, especially on Penrose-Hawking singularity theory. That theory was the basis of his best-selling book A Brief History of Time. The widespread ignorance about it became starkly obvious during my debate with Roger Penrose, in Delhi, in 1997, attended by various professors of physics from Delhi University and JNU whose blank faces told the story.

What the vast majority believe is a story about science, a story they blindly trust. So deep is their trust that, from a position of ignorance, they are quite certain a contrary opinion is not to be trusted! “Millions of people believe this, they can’t all be wrong can they?”.  Such a “proof by numbers” is convincing because it has survival value, as explained in my book The Eleven Pictures of Time: there is often safety in being part of the herd. But this psychology also provides an easy route to propaganda to fool a mass of people.  For centuries, millions of Westerners fervently believed in the idea of a powerful God who appointed the church as his broker. The belief persisted just  because the church reviled any dissenters as heretics and atheists, and, for centuries, killed them most brutally.

The Christian theology in Hawking’s work

Therefore, common sense may be a better guide to the truth than guesswork based on trust. What even the most gullible person cannot fail to notice is the way singularity theory connects to the notions of a Judeo-Christian God and a specifically Judeo-Christian notion of creation.

I have pointed this out repeatedly over the last twenty years, but the faithful, and our secular liberals, just ignore it. So, it is necessary to point it out yet again. Hawking’s popular book was preceded by an academic book, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time, which he co-authored with G. F. R. Ellis who won the Templeton award for connecting science and religion. That book concludes that the cosmos has a singularity. What does that mean? The authors interpret it to mean a moment of creation. The bottom line of the book [p. 364] asserts: “the universe began a finite time ago. However, the actual point of creation, the singularity, is outside the presently known laws of physics.” God created the cosmos and then set the clockwork of eternal laws in motion.

For those who don’t understand this, the meaning is made explicit in a book co-authored by Hawking, “A briefer history of time”. It explained [p. 141] that:  “At the big bang and other singularities, all the laws [of physics] would have broken down, so God would still have had complete freedom to choose what happened and how the universe began.”
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Decolonising mathematics and science: new reading list

Thursday, March 29th, 2018

Q. 1. I would like to know how I can decolonise myself mathematically. (I am an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer with engineering back ground.)
Q. 2. Do u suggest any videos of yours or any books? subsequently how I could prevent my kids from mental colonization.
A.

Step 0.

Proposed videos. The general good news is that I plan to produce a series of videos aimed at school children to prevent their indoctrination through colonial/church school texts. Hope to get them out within the next 3 months.

Step 1.

Read the non-technical accounts. A good starting point is 1000 word article for the layperson which went viral but was censored. The full version is still available on my blog.

To decolonise math stand up to its false history and bad philosophy.

As the first lesson in decolonisation, ask yourself: why was an article on mathematics censored after publication? Did it contain obscenity? And if there was something wrong in it why was anyone unable to point to a single mistake till now? As for people, they protest censorship of sex but not of mathematics: why?

Journalists mould your opinion, but today’s journalists look at the social backing, not the evidence. They call it “quality control” (meaning social control).  At least one editor did apply his mind, at  the Wire which put back the article (but forgot about the key issue of philosophy included in the title). Similarly,  Science 2.0 highlighted the claim that “Euclid” was a black woman, obviously something to be censored in South Africa.

Decolonisation is NOT only about history alone. Another philosophy is important for the contemporary value of decolonised math and science. So, why is it taboo? A preliminary exposition is in the article on

Mathematics and censorship

In short, there are two issues regarding math: (1) the myths, and (2) the superstitions surrounding formal (Western) math.

The myths

Myths are the anchor of superstition. If you have heard a story, such as that of Euclid, and have no evidence, it is probably a myth. Here is an easy book on myths: the myth that science is Western in origin.

Is Science Western in Origin?

It is available on Kindle and from the Other India Bookstore, Goa. Hindi version from Daanish Books, Delhi, and Multiversity, Penang. It is suitable for children (but they should skip the scholarly preface by Vinay Lal).

The superstitions

For some 1500  years, Western civilization was dominated by the church, whose power is based on falsehoods. It is an idle fantasy of the colonised mind that this effect of the church just disappeared overnight. The manifest fact is that the church is still powerful in large parts of the world, including the US. And the West is still steeped in church myths and superstitions which creep even into science in a variety of ways, especially through math. (more…)

Cape Town “debate” exposes Stephen Hawking’s racist co-author

Tuesday, February 20th, 2018

The panel discussion at the University of Cape Town (UCT) achieved something important: it exposed Stephen Hawking’s co-author G. F. R. Ellis, a star of the racist apartheid regime. He ran away from UCT debate, because he could not defend through open debate the awful church propaganda he along with Hawking and some others have been trying to promote as great science.

My long-standing critique of the book Large Scale Structure of Spacetime, by Stephen Hawking and G. F. Ellis is in my book the Eleven Pictures of Time (Sage, 2003). The critique is this: Hawking and Ellis use bad math (bad calculus) to support church dogma. They interpret a cosmological singularity as a moment of Christian creation, as in the Bible story. That is the bottom line of their book:

the actual point of creation, the singularity, is outside the scope of the present-day laws of physics”.

In his popular book Brief History of Time, Hawking explained this further. The breakdown of the laws of physics at the “moment of creation” would leave God free to create the laws and world of his choice. For this piece of trash, Ellis got the million dollar Templeton award for putting together science and religion.

Tipler, who published in the “reputed” journal Nature, furthered this trash thesis. He said singularity theory proved

“Judeo Christian theology is part of physics”!

More recently, I tried to explain some of the implications of such claims in my review of Hawking’s latest book, which review was published as a full-page article in the newspaper DNA as “The Christian propaganda in Hawking’s work”.

These singularities involve bad math in two ways.

(1)  Hawking and Ellis use a bad postulate (chronology condition, exactly like the church curse on ‘cyclic’ time, which postulate they justify using Augustine’s bad critique of Origen).

(2) Secondly, they use a bad understanding of calculus (that differentiating a discontinuous function leads to singularities on the equations of general relativity).

Long ago, in 1997, I debated these aspects of singularity theory publicly with Roger Penrose, and no one could refute my published arguments for the past 15 years.

Specifically, I explained long ago (in 1988) how singularities in general relativity can be easily handled using non-standard analysis. More recently, I explained, as in the appendix to Cultural Foundations of Mathematics, that the non-standard analysis can be replaced simply by non-Archimedean arithmetic with which the Indian calculus developed.

I recapitulated the above arguments in the UCT panel discussion. The point was to explain how bad math is used to create bad science. I expected to debate further in the math department, the next day, on the technical aspects as my abstract shows.

But Ellis was frightened sick at the prospect of an open debate with me would crush his lifework. He was also afraid that would expose him. He knows he is mathematically too incompetent to tackle the points such as non-standard analysis raised by me.

So, he resorted to a simple but unethical device within his technical competence: he used his student Jeff Murugan as a sock puppet to hurl falsehoods at me through the press. To me this reveals Ellis’ true character as a racist and a charlatan: he well knew what he wrote with Stephen Hawking is all false and written just to fool people. Surely Stephen Hawking did too.

Church and racists use similar tactics: they defend one lie by means of a thousand lies. The fresh set of lies against me were planted in a report in GroundUp.

But racists tell stupid lies.

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Decolonising science: Victory in Cape Town

Monday, December 18th, 2017

The panel discussion on decolonising science at the University of Cape Town (UCT) was a great victory. It publicly exposed that no one in  the UCT had a single serious argument against me. Indeed, in the last two decades not a single person in the West has put forward a single serious argument against my proposals for decolonising science.

My advance summary of points was posted here.

My claims involved three broad areas: (a) mathematics and science, (b) its philosophy, and (c) its teaching. Accordingly, the panel which responded to me had three senior faculty members from (a) math (Henri Laurie), (b) philosophy (Bernhard Weiss), and (c) education (Leslie Le Grange).

Below is a video record of my presentation.

The panel response is here.

Summary

My three fundamental arguments were that

(1) The current philosophy of formal math involves a bad metaphysics related to church theology,

(2) this bad metaphysics results in bad science

3) eliminating it and reverting to normal math makes math easy and results in better science.

None of the respondents engaged with any of these three fundamental arguments.

The mathematician spent most of his time telling his autobiography.  The philosopher could not go beyond some irrelevant quibbles. The educationist did a good thing by summarising my points, but then made some general statements  unconnected with my claims.

More details (more…)

Decolonising math: Amsterdam lecture

Thursday, December 14th, 2017

Thanks to Djehuti Ankh-Kheru for making and posting a video of my lecture on decolonising math at Amsterdam.