Reviews and
reactions (articles)
 P. A. M. Dirac (Nobel Prize
1933)

“Mr Raju has shown that he has great initiative and has
worked extremely hard. He is the sort of student one wants to
help.”
(On my ISI Discussion paper No. 7802
later expanded to my Ph.D. thesis.) 
P. C. W. Davies (Templeton Award 1995)

“…shows great imagination and promise”
(On
my ISI discussion paper No. 7802.) 
A. N. Mitra (formerly INSA Albert Einstein Professor)

“…there is ample evidence of original
thinking.”
(On my ISI discussion papers.) 
Second Referee Report

“This is a paper of very high quality, addressed to
problems which are certain to be of increasing importance in the
future. The presentation is exceptionally clear, not only in the
straightforward sense of what it actually proved, but also in
placing these results in a significant physical context. Although
perhaps a rather long paper, it would suffer under attempts to
shorten it.”
(On my paper, “Products and
Compositions with the Dirac Delta Function”.) 
A. K. Raychaudhuri (author of the Raychaudhuri equation)

“Raju is a very good researcher. He has imagination,
creativity and confidence in himself.”

Third referee’s report (Foundations of Physics)

“I find its basic idea…very interesting. I think
such an approach could yield a thoughtprovoking paper.”
(On
my paper on “Ancient and Modern Cosmology”.) 
Mauro Francaviglia (Math Review 83j:83025
83C)

“an original approach to the problem of junction
conditions in general relativity…based on the extensive use
of nonstandard analysis on distributional spaces”
(On
my paper “Junction Conditions in General Relativity”.) 
J. F. Colombeau (Professor, Ecole Normale Superieure, Lyon)

“Dr C. K. Raju is a very active mathematician …working
on products of distributions, a field in which he is a recognized
expert.”

N. Dadhich (Director, InterUniversity Centre for Astronomy and
Astrophysics)

“Dr C. K. Raju…is a very enthusiastic and energetic
researcher who is bold and committed enough to not only take up very
difficult problems but could pursue them with a reasonable degree of
success. His work on distribution theory and its applications in
relativity and fluid mechanics is a good example of this. Further he
is very imaginative and has a knack of pursuing unconventional
ideas…with vigour and tenacity.…even those who do not
subscribe to his ideas?would admire his originality and courage.”

D. N. Srivastava (Head Phonetic Code Section, BARC)

“I was very impressed by the detailed coverage of the
subject…specially by the references to our ancient
literature.”
(On my paper “Philosophical
time”.) 
Referee report

“the author examines the historical role of the famous
MichelsonMorley experiment. He concludes that it did not really
play as decisive a role as is commonly believed…The paper is
wellwritten and enjoyable to read. The arguments are clearly and
carefully presented, and it is clear that a good deal of thought and
analysis has gone into them.”
(On my paper
“The MichelsonMorley experiment”.) 
Referee report

“The author analyzes the role of Poincare in the
development of relativity theory. The principal conclusions in this
paper are that Poincare played a far more central role in this
development and understood the essential elements of the theory
better than is commonly believed. The author observes that Abraham
Pais, in his biography of Einstein, misrepresents Poincare’s
role in the development of relativity.”
(On my
paper “Einstein’s time”.) 
V. K. Balasubramanyan (Retired astrophysicist NASA)

“I was very…impressed with the clear exposition…I
was so impressed that I have decided to subscribe [to] that
journal.”
(On my paper “Thermodynamic
time”.) 
A. W. Joshi (author of Group Theory for Physicists)

“I have now read all the three new parts of your series on
Time, thermodynamic time, fields, electromagnetic time. I am
absolutely thrilled by them and by the conclusions drawn. You have
indeed a great knack of questioning each physical hypothesis,
however fundamental and deeprooted it may look. At the same time,
you are doing it with the full rigour and vigour of a physicist…You
are doing great work. I am sure it will find recognition from the
world scientific community.…I think you have greatly honoured
the journal by giving your series of articles to it.”
(On
my paper “On Time. IV, VA and VB”.) 
Karl Popper

“I found your critical remarks…very good.”
(On
my criticism of his criterion of falsifiability in my book, as
summarised in a letter.) 
Jagdish Mehra (UNESCO Sir Julian Huxley Distinguished Professor,
and Feynman’s biographer)

“Dr C. K. Raju…is perhaps one of the most brilliant
young persons I have met in a long time, either in India, or coming
from there to do research for some time abroad. I found that Dr Raju
is full of brilliant ideas, a number of them most original….
It is my conviction that Dr Raju has decidedly within him certain
elements of genius which, if properly channeled, could help him to
develop into a really original thinker of the first rank. I know it
from my own experience when…I was advised…to go to
work with Wolfgang Pauli who, in turn, sent me to Werner
Heisenberg.…When I met Dr Raju in Trieste, I invited him to
work with me…as part of the UNESCO International Programme,
…which is guided by a most distinguished Scientific Advisory
Committee (including fifteen Nobel Prize winners in Physics,
Astrophysics, Cosmology…and three Fields Medalists in
mathematics).”
(In a letter to Prof. Yash Pal,
then Chairman University Grants Commission.) 
A. W. Joshi

“It is fantastic…You are now rising to the level of
Bohr and Pauli and others.”
(On “Quantum
Mechanical Time”.) 
Anon. (“Curt Joy”)

“Wondrous cogency”
(A reader’s
comment on my article “Benedict’s Maledicts”). 
(Article on “Kosambi the Mathematician”)

Amit Bhaduri (JNU)

“I enjoyed and learnt from your paper…It widened my
horizons.”

T. Krishna Kumar (IIM Bangalore)

“your article is a great contribution”.

Martin Bernal (Cornell)

”It will take me some time to digest your article, but the
initial glimpses look fascinating. I know that my father [J. D.
Bernal] had a great respect for the younger Kosambi, with whom he
felt very close.”

Roger Anderson (Simon Fraser University, Canada)

“my goodness, I have started reading this and am already
late for the bus, but can’t stop”.

Ananya Vajpeyi, Boston (Caravan Magazine)

“Particularly interesting, in both the EPW (2008) issue as
well as the recent DN Jha edited volume, are the essays by CK Raju”.

Deccan Herald (Editorial, 4 March 2012)

“Raju…make[s] an example of Kosambi…for a
debate on Nehru’s vision”

Resonance

“As…Raju points out, Kosambi…discovered
… the KarthunenLoeve Expansion”.

indiainfoline.com “The outstanding outsider”

“There are several incisive reviews from Kosambi’s
friends and followers from the East and the West but the best
tribute to Kosambi comes from Dr. C K Raju, noted computer
scientist, mathematician, educator, physicist and polymath
researcher. …Raju succinctly explains the tragedy of
Kosambi’s infamous solution to the famous Riemann
hypothesis….Raju extends this incident to drive home a larger
point: the central challenge of formal mathematics. The value of a
mathematical theorem, like the value of a piece of art, lies solely
in the eyes of the beholder. But unlike a piece of art, a piece of
advanced formal mathematics is blessed with a handful of beholders —
‘five or six people in the world if one is indeed lucky.’
Therefore the value of a mathematical conjecture is typically
assessed by the ‘establishment’ authorities who are
known to play with the subjectivity of the subject matter with
intentions not always noble.”

Zainon Ahmad, editorial in Sun, Malaysia,
1 July 2011, on my talk on “Decolonising math and science”

“They were knocked off their pedestals just as rudely as
Saddam Hussein statues were pulled down…. Among them are such
gods of science and mathematics as Sir Isaac Newton…Kepler,
Descartes and Einstein…. The three day International
Conference on Decolonising our Universities that ended on Wednesday
in Penang was told…that he [Nicolaus Copernicus] was not the
revolutionary scientist he is made out to be. He was just a common
plagiarist. He merely translated the work of Ibn Shatir of Damascus.
It was told that few academics, scientists,…were really free
of the influence of Christian theology because for centuries the
church was the key consumer of the products of the Western
university system…. The brilliant Stephen Hawking…wrote
many …books…some contain quite a bit of Christian
propaganda…. The great 16th century cartographer Gerardus
Mercator whose maps and charts helped the Europeans to reach the
East was so fearful of the church that he did not acknowledge his
nonChristian…sources. Another great god of science and
mathematics, Albert Einstein, was dragged down from his Olympian
heights when it was disclosed that his formula on [equations of] the
theory of relativity was corrected by Indian mathematician and
scientist C. K. Raju recently. ”

Asad Zaman (former Vice
Chancellor, PIDE), on
talk and articles “Euclid must fall”


Professor C K Raju is one of the deepest thinkers of modern
times. He has managed to see through a web of deceit which has been
spun over centuries to project the myth of Western intellectual
superiority. Understanding his works opens the pathways to new ways
of thinking about science and mathematics, as well as many other
fields of knowledge. These new pathways are desperately needed
today.
